So Abraham loved his son Isaac (Gen. 22:2), Isaac loved his son Esau (Gen. 25:28), and “Israel loved Joseph more than all his children” (Gen. 37:3). This, however, is not universally accepted as later literary scholarship seems to show evidence of a later "Elohist redaction" (post-exilic) during the 5th century BCE which sometimes makes it difficult to determine whether a given passage is "Elohist" in origin, or the result of a later editor. ), which is constructed with the plural adjective, Elohim ḥayyim (אלהים חיים) but still takes singular verbs. [46] This is one of several instances where the Bible uses plural verbs with the name elohim.[47][48]. Cold cannot exist without heat, or short without tall, far without near, or large without small. The Ancient Hebrew Word Picture for YHVH God also told Moses, “Say to the Israelites,‘יְהוָֹה YHVH, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, the … [18], The word el (singular) is a standard term for "god" in Aramaic, paleo-Hebrew, and other related Semitic languages including Ugaritic. When Elohiym looked at his handiwork, he did not see that it was "good," he saw that it was functional-"like a well oiled and tuned machine." Very few sermons in our Western synagogues and churches would include the passage "I [God] form the light and create darkness, I make peace and I create evil, I am the LORD who does all of these" (Isaiah 45:7) as our Western mind sees these two forces as opposing opposites. There are a number of notable exceptions to the rule that Elohim is treated as singular when referring to the God of Israel, including Genesis 20:13, Genesis 35:7, 2 Samuel 7:23 and Psalms 58:11, and notably the epithet of the "Living God" (Deuteronomy 5:26 etc. It’s derived from the three letter verb root, יָדָה Yadah, meaning, to cast, throw, or shoot like an arrow in a specific direction. '"[51], The Hebrew word for "son" is ben; plural is bānim (with the construct state form being "benei"). Despite that in israel we don't use the word “tov” so offently,because with a change of tone it can be slang. Posts about Ancient Hebrew Meanings written by kaylened. [53] Karel van der Toorn states that gods can be referred to collectively as bene elim, bene elyon, or bene elohim. number". And another small thing - the Hebrew word for God, the creator, is " Boreh ". Darkness on the other hand invokes Satan, lies and hate. (Exodus 20:21). Certainly in 1 Samuel 19:13, 19:16 only one image is intended; in most other places a single image may be intended; in Zechariah 10:2 alone is it most naturally taken as a numerical plural. (In answer to the charge of blasphemy Jesus replied:) "Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods. The major examples are: Water (מים - mayim), Sky/Heavens (שמים - shamayim), Face (פנים - panim), Life (חיים - chayyim). [31] Hengstenberg stated that the Hebrew Bible text never uses elohim to refer to "angels", but that the Septuagint translators refused the references to "gods" in the verses they amended to "angels". This gift also gives us the blessing of communicating with God. [1][2][3][4][5][6] At other times it refers to deities in the plural. Following each of the six words below is a listing of the ways each Hebrew word has been translated, beginning in 1530 with Tyndale’s translation of Genesis. But since the word God, "Elohim," is plural in form,8 the verb ...", "124. The word Elohim occurs more than 2500 times in the Hebrew Bible, with meanings ranging from "gods" in a general sense (as in Exodus 12:12, where it describes "the gods of Egypt"), to specific gods (e.g., 1 Kings 11:33, where it describes Chemosh "the god of Moab", or the frequent references to Yahweh as the "elohim" of Israel), to demons, seraphim, and other supernatural beings, to the spirits of the dead brought up at the behest of King Saul in 1 Samuel 28:13, and even to kings and prophets (e.g., Exodus 4:16). The Samaritan Torah has edited out some of these exceptions.[29]. Many ancient cultures worshiped a god in the form of a bull. Maimonides said: "I must premise that every Hebrew [now] knows that the term Elohim is a homonym, and denotes God, angels, judges, and the rulers of countries, ..."[10], In 1 Samuel 28:13, elohim is used with a plural verb. For example, in Genesis 1:26, it is written: "Then Elohim (translated as God) said (singular verb), 'Let us (plural) make (plural verb) man in our (plural) image, after our (plural) likeness'". If you stare at the sun, which is pure light, what happens? (KTU 2 1.4.VI.46).[21]. All four of these nouns appears in, the first sentence of the Eden creation story[44] (also along with elohim). Gesenius and Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg have questioned the reliability of the Septuagint translation in this matter. This is part of the purpose of worship. To understand the words "good" and "bad" from a more Hebraic understanding, these words should be understood as "functional" and "dysfunctional". The word and its cognates were initially neuter but underwent transition when their speakers converted to Christianity, "as a means of distinguishing the personal God of the Christians from the impersonal divine powers acknowledged by pagans." Describes a variety of intensely close emotional bonds. We position our hearts so that God can change and conform us to the image of Christ. We see light as good and darkness as bad. Elohim occurs frequently throughout the Torah. Ask a Scholar: What Does YHWH Elohim Mean? Throughout the scriptures this search for balance is found, yet ignored by Westerners who do not understand the significance of balance. Most uses of the term Elohim in the later Hebrew text imply a view that is at least monolatrist at the time of writing, and such usage (in the singular), as a proper title for the supreme deity, is generally not considered to be synonymous with the term elohim, "gods" (plural, simple noun). [5] “ha” means “the” and “shem” means “name”. An exact cognate outside of Hebrew is found in Ugaritic ʾlhm,[17] the family of El, the creator god and chief deity of the Canaanite pantheon, in Biblical Aramaic ʼĔlāhā and later Syriac Alaha ("God"), and in Arabic ʾilāh ("god, deity") (or Allah as "The [single] God"). [citation needed] Both Gesenius' Hebrew Lexicon[citation needed] and the Brown–Driver–Briggs Lexicon[2] list both "angels" and "judges" as possible alternative meanings of elohim with plural verbs and adjectives.

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