If available other names are mentioned here Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. Pigeon Pea Growing Information © Frances Michaels. Nowadays it is common in many countries with a suitable climate including East Africa and the Caribbean islands. Preferred Scientific Name; Cajanus cajan Preferred Common Name; pigeon pea Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Uses List; Agroforestry; Fodder/animal feed; Forage; Invertebrate food for lac/wax insects fr. meridionalis (soyabean stem canker), Diaprepes spengleri (weevil, golden leaf), Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize), Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot), Heterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode), Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa), Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton), Melanagromyza sojae (soyabean stem miner), Meloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode), Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug), Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug), Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.Since its domestication in the Indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); flower. Pigeon pea is a legume which can grow in any warm climate and is mostly found in tropical regions. phaseolicola (halo blight (of beans)), Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug), Sinoxylon conigerum (conifer auger beetle), Thrips hawaiiensis (Hawaiian flower thrips), Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode), Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. gungo pea in Jamaica. Alternate Names Alternate Common Names: pigeon pea, Angola pea, Congo pea, dhal, no-eye pea, gungo pea, and red gram . Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea) is regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and the Northern Territory, and is also seen as a potential environmental weed in northern Queensland. gandul / guandu in Latin America. cajani (Phytophthora blight), Pigeon pea witches' broom phytoplasma (witches broom of pigeon pea), Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus (sterility mosaic), Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode), Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion), Prepodes quadrivittatus (striped leaf weevil), Rhinacloa forticornis (brown cotton mirid), Richardia brasiliensis (white-eye (Australia)), Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode), Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar), Sunn-hemp mosaic virus (cowpea Mosaic Virus), Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth), Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume.This is one of the most important pulses because of its nutrients value. Basic requirements Pigeon pea grows best in hot humid climates where temperatures are between 18 and 38°C (64.4–100.4°F). Get more persuasive, argumentative common names for pigeon pea essay samples and other research papers after sing up tropical green pea. Synonyms for pigeon pea in Free Thesaurus. 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. Cajanus indicus. mgb_mgb_. The Pigeon pea plant is a legume belonging to the family of “Fabaceae” or “Leguminosae”. It is known as no-eye pea, tropical green pea, red gram, gandule bean, gandul, guandu, mgbumgbu, fio-fio, mbaazi, gungo pea in Jamaica, chicharo in Latin America, arveja in Ecuador, mzimbili mussa in Tanzania, kardis or nandolo in Malawi and gungo pea/gunga pea or Congo pea in Africa. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses … Common Names: no-eye pea. INTRODUCTION Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar. Tur daal is the name of both the peas and an easy dish in India. mbaazi in Kenya. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); grown for forage in Ethiopia. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. This Page is a short Guide with the commonly used Legumes -Dals, Pulses, Lentils, beans, peas in Indian Cuisine with their common English names and Hindi names. Albonectria rigidiuscula (green point gall), Anticarsia gemmatalis (soybean caterpillar), Apomyelois ceratoniae (blunt-winged knot-horn), Asterolecanium pustulans (akee fringed scale), Callosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid), Cathartus quadricollis (square-necked grain beetle), Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight), Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot), Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar), Clavigralla tomentosicollis (African pod bug), Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (anthracnose of bean), Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose), Cyclocephala amazona signata (hard-back beetle), Diaprepes famelicus (root borer, sugarcane), Disonycha glabrata (flea beetle, amaranth), Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug), Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer), Enchenopa ignidorsum (orange and black treehopper), Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Common Name Pigeon pea Engl Family Fabaceae Active Component Phytochemical from PHYSICS 10 at Goldenstate College of General Santos City L. Uses crop: Cajanus cajan is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. Aside from being a plant that can maintain high concentrations of nitrogen in the soil, its penetrating roots are also used to loosen the soil. “Pigeon Pea” – Origin of the Name The name … What are synonyms for pigeon pea? Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. mzimbili mussa in Tanzania. Learn how to grow pigeon peas, care for them, and harvest them in this DIY gardening guide! The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Tur daal is a blend of spices, pigeon peas and tomatoes combined and cooked to make a thick soup-like meal.. Other Indian dishes include a five-daal soup that combines the peas with other types of beans. Its flavor is pleasant and it contains an average of 18% to 25% protein, reaching as high as 32% protein content. Cajanus indicus) is a member of the family Fabaceae. ch’charo in Latin America. Common name: Pigeonpea, Red gram, Arhar Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Pigeon Pea(अरहर दाल/ तुअर दाल) Hindi Name: अरहर दाल/ तुअर दाल A yellow coloured lentil flat on one side, oblong in shape, used widely in Indian cooking. Common Names: Pigeon Pea, Dhal, Gandule Bean, Red Gram, Tree Pea, No-Eye Pea, Congo Pea Pidgeon pea is a large shrumb to 2m, it is a short lived perennial growing for about 5 years before it dies. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. Common names Congo pea, pigeon pea, red gram, yellow dahl arveja in Ecuador. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt), Fusarium pallidoroseum (fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)), Gracilaria similatella (pigeon pea leaf roller), Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode), Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm), Heterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode), Hortensia similis (common green sugarcane leafhopper), Icerya montserratensis (montserrat cottony cushion scale), Leptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop ), Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug), Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco), Megalurothrips sjostedti (bean flower thrips), Megalurothrips usitatus (bean flower thrips), Mylabris pustulata (blister beetle, arhap), Passalora cajani (leafspot of pigeon pea), Phyllosticta cajani (phyllosticta leaf spot of pigeon pea), Phytophthora drechsleri f.sp. Likewise, its seeds are used in human nutrition as well as for animal feed. Pigeon Pea Botanical Name The Botanical Name for this plant is “Cajanus cajan”. Common Names Toor Dal Kandhi Pappu Togari Bele Tuvaram Paruppu Pigeon peas are traditionally consumed dried and split. Split pigeon peas or Toor Dal (Cajanus cajan) split-desi chickpea or Chana Dal (Cicer arietinum) and split yellow peas or Matar Dal (Pisum sativum) are commonly referred to as split yellow peas, although they belong to different species in the bean family leguminosae (Fabaceae). Antonyms for pigeon pea. The old varieties in cultivation and semicultivation in the West Indies treated here are semideciduous, short-lived shrubs usually 1 to 4 m in height and 1 to 4 cm in basal stem diameter. cajani (bacterial leaf spot), Achatina fulica (giant African land snail), Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot), Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Indian cotton jassid), Anoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn), Aproaerema modicella (groundnut leaf miner), Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas), Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug), Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum), Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass), Diaporthe phaseolorum var. Synonyms for Pigeon peas in Free Thesaurus. Cytisus cajan L. [basionym] Family/tribe Family: Fabaceae (alt. Family: Fabaceae. Family: Fabaceae Local name: Behliang (Mizoram, India) It originates from India where it probably has been cultivated for over 3500 years. Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Cajanus flavus DC. Cajanus indicus Spreng. The common is flat sowing, the other methods are broadbed-furrow (BBF) for extra-early group and ridge-and-furrow for the late maturity group. 3. 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. For these reasons, it is considered a good quality source of vegetable protein that is affordable for the consum… • Three systems of sowings are practiced for pigeon pea. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. 696 common names for pigeon pea essay examples from best writing service EliteEssayWriters. The plants will grow in a wide range of soils, from sandy soil to clay and also in soils with low fertility. Botanical Name:Cajanus cajan syn. Pigeon pea is a nitrogen-fixing, perennial shrub, growing to 4 m in height, that produces green or dry seed in seasonally dry climates. nandolo in Malawi. "The generic and specific names have the same origin, which is unique among the plants included herein. IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. Pigeon peas are also called Congo or Gunga peas are native to Asia and are usually grown in warm and tropical regions. "kumanda yvyra'i" Guaran’ name in Paraguay. tubarika in Sanskrit. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Pigeon pea is commonly known as arhar dal or split toor (tuvar) dal. Antonyms for Pigeon peas. Pigeon peas can be grown for eating or purely for decorative purposes, but whatever your reason for growing pigeon peas, they're easy to grow and make for fun gardening! They are an important part of some Indian vegetarian diets. Pigeon peas are adaptable to many soil types and are used as a dry pea, green vegetable, fodder, fuelwood, green manure or cover crop. Old macadamia nut orchards Waiehu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. "Conservation and use of traditional vegetables in Ethiopia", "ICRISAT-led global team cracks pigeonpea genome", "Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers", "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence", "Genome-wide identification of miRNAs and lncRNAs in Cajanus cajan", "Nutrition Facts and Analysis for Pigeon peas (red gram), mature seeds, raw", "National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28", "Nutrition facts, calories in food, labels, nutritional information and analysis", "USDA Table of Nutrient Retention Factors, Release 6", Decoding of the Pigeonpea (Arhar) Genome by Indian Scientists, ICRISAT-led global team cracks pigeonpea genome, Pigeonpea a wonder crop for women farmers in Rajasthan, India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pigeon_pea&oldid=999799085, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 01:00. June 2008. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, pwa kongo in Haiti, guandú and frijol de palo in Ibero-America, or as gungo peas in Jamaica, is a … CABI is a registered EU trademark. "mbaazi" in Tanzania. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram. It has both the English and Hindi names and variation of the names mentioned to make it easy to find the right spice, herb or dal! CONT’D. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. It has its origins in the Eastern part of peninsular India. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fully mature seedpod. They were first cultivated in India over 3,000 years ago, and are common in Indian, Asian and caribbean cooking. Scientific name Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. What are synonyms for Pigeon peas? kadyos in Philippines. Visit Haiti", National Institute of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology. • Bund cultivation of Pigeonpea in rice fallow areas have also been adopted in CG, MP and some rice fallow areas. "Effect of Sprouting on invitro digestibility of some locally consumed leguminous seeds". Arhar is the most popular pulse in India. gungo pea / gunga pea / Congo pea in Africa. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Gungo peas no-eyed peas About Pigeon pea Edit. This plant produces large quantities of pods each filled with between 3 and 7 small seeds. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpod. Also placed in: Papilionaceae. quinchoncho in Venezuela. February 2007. The pigeon pea is a perennial, legume, erect woody, a common food grain, and grow up to 4 m tall. Pigeon pea will grow optimally in a well drained soil with a pH between 5.0 and 7.0. Split Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) aka Toor Dal Common Names: Toor dal,Togari bele, Congo pea, Angola… Pigeon peas are cultivated June 2008. The pigeon pea is also known by some other names in many other parts of the world. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); seedpods. Special Features of Pigeon Pea. It is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia and is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent. Synonyms Cajanus bicolour DC. fio-fio. Common Name: Pigeon Pea Bush Cajanus cajan (L.)Millsp.. Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:39:43 Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. toga… Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae. Name variations Edit. The cultivation of the pigeon pea goes back at least 3000 years. June 2008. Especially in the urban area pigeon Pea is used as a common pulse. February 2007. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Cajaninae. Pigeon pea, also known as red gram, Congo pea, gungo pea, no eye pea, dhal, gandul, gandure, frijol de árbol, and pois cajan, occurs in several varieties. The leaves are trifoliate, alternately arranged, around the stem; leaflets are oblong, lanceolate, up to 10 cm long and 4 cm wide, pubescent; green color on top and grayish-green bottom Flowers are yellow, calyx up to 12 mm long and with five linear teeth. It is a perennial plant used extensively as a livestock feed and for manufacturing pulses. Other common names are red gram, toovar, toor, togari, gandul, Congo pea, Gungo pea, and no-eye pea. Indian cooking uses pigeon peas in a range of dishes. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. It is actively managed by community groups in the Northern Territory, and is of most concern where it has invaded riparian zones within conservation areas near Darwin. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan, syn. Alternate Scientific Names: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajanus. gandule bean. ciceris (Fusarium wilt of chickpea), Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea), Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani), Verticillium chlamydosporium (nematode egg parasite), Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot), Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato), Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale), Apion fulvipes (white clover seed weevil), Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth), Cochliobolus hawaiiensis (leaf spot: maize), Cowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans), Creontiades pallidus (bud and boll shedder, bug), Crypticerya multicicatrices (multicicatrices fluted scale), Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug), Euschistus heros (Neotropical brown stink bug), Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower), Helicoverpa assulta (Oriental tobacco budworm), Mylabris phalerata (yellow-banded blister beetle), Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug), Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot), Urentius hystricellus (eggplant lace bug). 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