Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. Located on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal is a small nation that had colonies in South America, Asia, and Africa. Leitão “Os Portugueses em Solor e Timor de 1515 a 1702” De Castro “As possessões portuguezas na Oceania”, (15 Dec. 1941- Feb. 1942 occupation by Australian and Dutch troops), Ataúro Island or Pulo Kambing: circa (08°18’S – 125°32’E). Also the length of the article is not a problem, the minimum lenght is about 450 words. In Asia, the Portuguese would conquer cities and then monopolize trade, whereas in Africa and the Americas they occupied extensive territories in which European political organization was superimposed on existing indigenous societies. With the financial aid of Prince Henry the Navigator, famous explorers such as Vasco de Gama and Bartolomeu Dias led the exploration of these territories. The Portuguese colonial empire was the first and the last European empire overseas, from the conquest of Ceuta (1415), in Morocco, North Africa, until the formal handover of Macau to the People’s Republic of China (1999). Aside from Goa, which was their jewel due to the spices, the Portuguese also established settlements in other places such as Daman, Mumbai, Chaul, and other places. (British Post Office in Madeira). settlement and feitoria – 1665, Tidore (Tidore Island): (00°41’N – 127°22’E) Fortaleza dos Reis Magos (1578), to Spain (April 1606 – 1663)* (*The Spaniards had several forts on the island of Tidore: Tohula, Rume, Sokanora, Marieko, Tomanira, Cobo, the old Portuguese fort. (21°45’N – 112°47’E) ? List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, West Africa. There was only a nominal submission to the Portuguese Crown by the small “Kingdoms” of the island. (***In Ternate the Dutch built the Fort Malayo or Fort Orange), Hanna Des Alwi “Turbulent times past in Ternate and Tidore”, Amboina or Amboino (Kota Ambon, Ambon Island): (03°42’S – 128°10’E) Fortaleza da Nossa Senhora da Anunciada (1576), Portuguese: 1569 wooden fort (north coast), 1572 wooden fort (south coast), 25 Mar. Portuguese: 1599 tranqueira (wooden fort), 1601/2 fort and custom house – Mar. A key supporter of this policy was Infante Dom Henry the Navigator, who had been involved in the capture of Ceuta, and who took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese maritime exploration until his death in 1460. Among some of its former colonies such as Brazil, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, and a few others, it the only or one of the official languages. Danvers “Portuguese in India” Boxer “Francisco Vieira de Figueiredo”, Lampacau or Lampazau (Lao-yan-than ? 1 American Colonies 1.1 North America 1.2 Africa 1.3 Asia 1.4 Oceania 2 Australian Colonies 2.1 They pyramid of social hierarchies in Spanish colonies demonstrates which difference between Spanish Though the Portuguese Empire has since disappeared, its effects remain. A war against the Sultanate Ateh, joined by various local princes, erupted on Sumatra in 1873 and could only be ended in 1904. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Arabia and Persian Gulf. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century, Asia Far East: China, Japan, Australia. Henry wished to know how far the Muslim territorie… The Portuguese were present in the island of Flores, Indonesia since the 16th century, mainly in Larantuka and Sikka; but the local creole language, if any, has not survived. They understood that the Portuguese would soon reach Asia and, in this competitive race to reach the Far East, the Spanish rulers decided to act. The Portuguese were officially kicked out in 1822 when Brazil attained its independence. Muar: (02°03’N – 102°34’E) Fortaleza de Muar (1604), Pacem or Passumah (Puuek, Sumatra Island): (05°09’N – 97°14’E), Portuguese: 1520/21 fort – May 1524* (*1523 Conceição Flores “Os Portugueses o o Sião no século XVI”), Gaspar Correia “Lendas da Índia” Tomo II ,Parte II ,pp.795, Makassar (Sulawesi Island): (05°08’S – 119°24’E), Portuguese: ? Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century, India. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century, Ceylon (Sri Lanka). In 1492 Christopher Columbus's discovery for Spain of the New World, which he believed to be Asia, led to disputes between the Spanish and Portuguese. Soldiers all contributed in different ways and colonist was first introduced to Southeast Asia by Iberian (Portuguese and Spanish) missionaries and colonists (Roxborogh, 1995). The gradual decline of the Portuguese empire was brought about by their small population, which led to a shortage of workers to look after the colonies as they kept on expanding into new territories. The Portuguese did retreat from Asia after 1610, but they remained dominant in Brazil and in the Southern Atlantic, and therefore a general explanation has to account for these diverging outcomes. At first Dias de Novais cooperated with Ndongo, his forces serving as mercenaries in… Portuguese Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, Africa. Other settlements and forts were established later with their main trade being slaves who were sent to the New World in exchange for products from Europe. Likewise, it makes no sense to There were Portuguese settlements in and around Mylapore. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, Arguin: A Portuguese Fortress in Mauritania 1445-1633, The main fort of Fernando de Noronha: Fortress of Nossa Senhora Dos Remédios, I primi contatti degli spagnoli con le Isole Molucche, 1521-1602, St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri or Thangassery, Kerala, India, The Catholic mission in Bengal prior to the nineteenth century, The Portuguese fort of Santiago, Cape Verde, The Role of the Portuguese Language in Lusophone Asia, Political Development of the former German Colonies since 1920, The Forts of the Spice Islands of Indonesia, Today, Bahrain: Portuguese Fort of Halat Bu Maher, Bahrain: Portuguese Fort of Qala’at al-Bahrain (Bahrain Fort), Maramuca: an exercise in the combined use of Portuguese records and oral tradition: the History of the Mwanamutapa Empire, Seventeenth Century Portuguese Earthworks in Rhodesia: Maramuca (Hartley/Chegutu), Maramuca: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) in Zimbabwe, Great Zimbabwe: a ruined city in the southeastern hills of Zimbabwe, Portuguese Forts, Markets (Feira) and Settlements in Zimbabwe, Massapa: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe, Piringani: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) in Zimbabwe, Old Portuguese Ruins in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Makaha: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) in Zimbabwe, Seventeenth Century Portuguese Earthworks in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe): Luanze (Mtoko/Mutoko), Luanze: Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe, Excavations At The Seventeenth Century Portuguese Site Of Dambarare, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Some Early Portuguese Relics from Dambarare, Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe), Angwa: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe, Portuguese objects in Ancient Mining in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and adjacent areas, Dambarare: a Portuguese Settlement, Market (Feira) and Fort in Zimbabwe, The Dutch West India Company. Meanwhile, Portugal had lost most of its territory in Asia, but the decline of Portugal’s East Asian empire increased interest in its African colonies. Portuguese: 1660s. These are the remains of the first European country that explored the world in search of spices and souls. The Portuguese occupied Angola in the 1500s with Soyo and Luanda being the first settlements. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Ilha de Choro (island in the Mekong river): Portuguese: fort ? This list may not reflect recent changes ().C Cabinda Province Cacheu Cape Verde in … Subrahmanyam “Improvising Empire – Portuguese trade and settlements in the Bay of Bengal 1500 – 1700” or “”Comércio e conflito – A presença portuguesa no Golfo de Bengala 1500 – 1700” Conceiçao Flores “Os Portugueses e Sião no século XVI”. – 1851, ceded by treaty (1851/1854/1859) to The Netherlands, Leitão “Os Portugueses em Solor e Timor de 1515 a 1702” Villiers “The Dominican Mission and the sandalwood..” De Castro “As possessões portuguezas na Oceania”, Sicca (Sikka or Sika, Flores Island): (08°44’S – 122°11’E), ceded by a treaty (1851-1854-1859) to the Netherlands, De Castro “As possessões portuguezas na Oceania”, Paga (Flores Island): (08°46’S – 122°02’E), ceded by a treaty (1851/1854/1859) to the Netherlands, Pomang Kaju (Pamakajo, Solor Island): (08°26’S – 122°58’E) circa, Cupão or Cupang (Kupang, Timor Island): (10°10’S – 123°35’E). Chincheo or Chinchew (Zhangzhou ?, Fukien): (24°31’N – 117°39’E) ? The former Portuguese colony of the Republic of Cape Verde is an island country 570 kilometers off the West African coast. The Portuguese began colonizing Goa, which is in the Western region of India, in the 1500s as well. Portuguese rule in Asia was by turns ruthless (as when they began capturing Chinese children to sell into enslavement in Portugal), lackadaisical, and underfunded. Portugal seized the island of Goa, making it their major military and commercial base. There are no specific guidelines. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Although Ceuta proved to be a disappointment for the Portuguese, the decision was taken to hold it while exploring along the Atlantic African coast. As well as many other travel sites in different languages. Portuguese Colonies Angola 1945 Emergency Issue, 90a green on black, vertical pair, used on back, in combination with regular franking on flown cover to Luanda, cover slightly reduced, with arrival postmark $150.00 Approx. They did not find an advanced civilisation with hoards of precious metals for plunder, or a social discipline and organisation geared to provide steady tribute which they could appropriate. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century, Africa. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, America. After Portugal set its eyes on the country, they began colonizing Brazil after the signing of the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, which was signed in Spain. WIC (West-Indische Compagnie), South East Asia and the Far East. Then the site www.borghiditoscana.net dedicated to my region: Tuscany. The Portuguese rule in Timor was reduced to Dili, Batugadé and Manatuto till the end of the 19th century. Bibliography of Portuguese Colonial History 16th-18th century, America. | Contact: South East Asia and in Far East Asia. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, East Africa. All rights reserved. 1613 – 1615 ?). Links in bold represent territories that still exist. Anywhere on the coasts of Asia, America and Africa you can find a fort, a church, a geographical name or a family name, reminiscent of Portugal. The only thing is that the article must be original and not previously published on other websites. By 1750 Portuguese colonies in Africa were limited to Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea, but colonial rule was more pronounced in the first two colonies. Portugal lost its claim to the Congo in the 1880s to Belgium, largel… Law, Colonial Systems of, Portuguese EmpireEarly modern Portuguese society was multicultural; it emerged from a period of reconquest against the Muslims and was home to communities of Jews. At the time, Europeans did not know what lay beyond Cape Bojadoron the African coast. or 1758? Portuguese/Spanish expedition 1596-1599. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, List of Danish colonial forts and possessions, Malacca, Thailand, and Philippines. Despite their dictator’s hard stance, independence movements arose in Angola, Guinea Bissau, and Mozambique which led to the death of thousands in the 1960s and 1970s in what is known as the Portuguese Colonial War. Occupied by Timorese rebels for a short time in the year 1756? Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia. Start studying Chapter 13 Part 6 [W.H.]. The Southern Province, also known simply as Goa, was the headquarters of Portuguese India, and seat of the Portuguese viceroy who governed the Portuguese possessions in Asia. Portuguese Colonies. 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