Of the twenty (20) countries in the world that depend most on tourism, eleven (11) are in the Caribbean. For the UK islands this meant that they lost their initial advantage in male life expectancy relative to the UK. I've never heard Mexico called a Caribbean country, and Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana are often included in cultural definitions, because of the close historical ties between them and the islands. By then, the gold mines were nearly depleted. English is the official and most widely spoken language. It is one of the two independent American countries to make French their official language. Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies of Independent Countries Share Flipboard Email Print The US territory of Guam. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes. A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. The coastal plain is about 24 kilometers (15 miles) wide at its broadest point. Only three of the more than fifty islands and cays are of significant size. In 2004, there were 1.1 million main telephone lines on the island; that year there were an estimated 2.7 million mobile cellular telephone lines, up from 169,265 in 1996. The Spanish colonizers then began importing slaves from Africa and sugarcane growing became the leading economic activity. Historical buildings, cultural practices, public festivals as well as the population interest certain tourists (Daniel 170). They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. It is the biggest French-speaking Caribbean state with over 42% of the population conversing in French. Both St. Croix and St. Thomas have airports, with St. Croix’s facility handling the larger number of jet flights from the continental United States and Europe. Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion are first-order administrative divisions of overseas France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. In 2004 the per capita GDP was $14,500. Today these units are the British (UK) Virgin Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands. There are 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean today, according to the United Nations. This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the West Indies. HOWLAND, BAKER, AND JARVIS ISLANDS Although the islands of the Bahamas…, the Bahamas (bəhä´məz), officially Commonwealth of the Bahamas, independent nation (2005 est. Electoral votes: 0 Territorial court judges, who preside over misdemeanor and traffic cases, are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. The voters choose to keep the commonwealth status 48.4% to 46.2% for statehood and 4.4% for independence. The U.S. Virgin Islands lie about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of Puerto Rico and 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) south-southeast of Miami, between 17°40’ and 18°25’n and 64°34’ and 65°3’ n. The island group extends 82 kilometers (51 miles) north to south and 80 kilometers (50 miles) from east to west, with a total area of at least 353 square kilometers (136 square miles). Appeals from Puerto Rican courts may be carried as far as the U.S. Supreme Court. Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states. Haiti was established on January 1, 1804, becoming the first independent state i… A Jewish synagogue there is the second-oldest in the New World, and the Lutheran Congregation of St. Thomas, founded in 1666, is one of the three oldest congregations in the United States. Puerto Rico has a total area 9,104 square kilometers (3,515 square miles). . The constitution was ratified by popular referendum on 3 March 1952. The small contingent of Spaniards compelled the Taíno, numbering perhaps 30,000, to mine for gold. . ." ." (2006). Most Caribbean countries remained under colonial rule after the abolition of slavery. The chief executive of the U.S. Virgin Islands is the territorial governor, elected by direct popular vote (prior to 1970, territorial governors were appointed by the U.S. president). Dependencies and Territories of the World. By 1514, there were only about 4,000 remaining. 12 Jan. 2021 . Spanish is the official language, but many Puerto Ricans also speak English, which is required as a second language in the schools. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0, "United States Caribbean Dependencies "United States Caribbean Dependencies In the Caribbean dependencies of France and UK, life expectancy has moved more or less in parallel with that in their administrating countries, and as a result gaps in life expectancy were relatively small or non-existent in the early 2010s. mi. In San Juan on the northern coast, mean temperatures range from 24°c (75 °f) for January to 27°c (81 °f) for July. Puerto rico remained under direct military rule until 1900. Canadian Journal of Development Studies / Revue canadienne d'études du développement: Vol. ... As the rest of the world industrialized, many Caribbean nations fell behind because the plantation owners were unwilling or unable to invest their considerable wealth in industry and today most of those islands live from agriculture, the export of raw materials and tourism. Some of the oldest religious congregations in the Western Hemisphere are located in the Virgin Islands. In November 2000, PPD candidate Anibal Acevedo-Vila was elected commissioner from Puerto Rico; in November 2004, Acevedo-Vila was elected governor of Puerto Rico. A long period of economic decline followed. In 1998 there were 14,400 kilometers (9,020 miles) of paved highway; trucks carry the bulk of overland freight. The legislature consists of a 28-member senate and 51-member house of representatives elected by popular vote to four-year terms. The island, located at 18°24’ n and 75°1’ w is uninhabited except for a lighthouse station under the administration of the coast guard. The population has more than doubled since 1930, despite extensive migration to the U.S. mainland. However, the date of retrieval is often important. The second Amerindian group, the Igneri, came from northern South America. Christopher Columbus, who reached the islands in 1493, named them for the martyred virgin St. Ursula. Puerto Rico lies between 17°51’ and 18°31’ n and 65°13’ and 67°56’ w. It is separated from the Dominican Republic (on the island of Hispaniola) to the west by the Mona Passage, which is 121 kilometers (75 miles) wide. St. John was claimed by the company in 1683 and St. Croix was purchased from France in 1733. The holdings of the company were taken over as a Danish crown colony in 1754. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. WAKE ISLAND He set up a General Assembly of the Leeward Islands in St. Kitts. In 1990, median family income was $24,036. The Taino combined fishing with agriculture. Boston University Libraries. Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.[1]. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. These are St. Croix, which measures 218 square kilometers (84 square miles) in area; St. Thomas, which measures 83 square kilometers (32 square miles); and St. John, which measures 52 square kilometers (20 square miles). Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Sugarcane, cultivated by slave labor, was the backbone of the islands’ prosperity in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. By Stabroek News-- October 15, 2020 By Bert Hoffmann No region depends more on tourism than the Caribbean. Columbus, accompanied by a young nobleman named Juan Ponce de León, landed at the western end of the island. Caribbean territories still … The territorial capital, Charlotte Amalie, is located on St. Thomas. Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). Fifty short rivers flow rapidly to the sea. Nearly all of the Amerindian inhabitants (about 0.4% of the population in 2002) were exterminated in the 16th century. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. (January 12, 2021). Caribbean Dependency Theory (CDT) emerged at the University of the West Indies in the 1960s and became particularly influential as a critical analytical response to evolving neoliberal policies in the 1970s. Sir William Stapleton established the first federation in the British West Indies in 1674. Sovereign states. There were about 70,900 main line telephones in 2004, and 41,000 mobile cellular phones. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. If you’re curious about how many countries in the Caribbean specifically, the answer is 13! Caribbean Dependencies. The Supreme Court and lower courts are tied in with the U.S. federal judiciary. In 1931, administration of the islands was transferred from the Department of the Navy to the Department of the Interior, and the first civilian governor was appointed. In the late 1970s, the Virgin Islands government began to consider ways to expand self-rule. In 1948, Luis Muñoz Marín was elected to that office. POPULATION : 307,451 Mail The unemployment rate was 6.2% in 2004. Since 1972, the islands have sent one nonvoting representative to the U.S. House of Representatives. By 2006, the gross domestic product (GDP) reached $74.89 billion, up from $15.8 billion in 1986. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively. There are 13 sovereign island nations and 12 dependent territories, with close political ties throughout the region to Europe and the United States. Under the Treaty of Paris (December 1898) Puerto Rico was ceded outright to the United States. U.S. But despite the relatively high per capita incomes for a number of Caribbean countries, many have substantial social development problems, such as high poverty rates, income inequality, unemployment, underemployment and susceptibility to external forces (including weather, US economic fluctuations and changes in global commodity prices). However, this over- The Dominican Republic shares the Caribbean island of all stability masks a substantial shift in the profile of Hispaniola with Haiti. Enactment of the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands on 22 July 1954 vested local legislative power—subject to veto by the governor— in a unicameral legislature. These orthodox policy recommendations have … GUAM The population is 9.4 million, and dependency, occurring mainly in low and middle income 0.5 million (5.7%) are aged 65 and over [11]. Now, during the corona crisis, it’s deserted and vulnerable. The Virgin Islands are two group…, Compiled from the October 2006 Background Note and supplemented with additional information from the State Department and the editors of this volume.…, AMERICAN SAMOA It is worth to mention that the total population of these overseas territories in the Caribbean is approximately 140,000. Dependent Territories . Montserrat is a member of both the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Caribbean Community despite being a dependent nation of the United Kingdom. population of 422,000. ." Many scholars and observers have contended that while the Caribbean garners most of its revenue from tourism, it has had to contend with negative consequences such as the escalation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The College of the Virgin Islands was the territory’s first institution of higher learning. Lewis (2016:532) observes that “the most striking realisation from BREXIT is that integration processes do not necessarily follow an inevitable trajectory of ever-closer union but can unravel”. There are 14 institutions of higher education on the island. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. Not until colonization was well under way would the island acquire the name Puerto Rico (“rich port”), with the name San Juan Bautista applied to the capital city. M.A., Geography, California State University - … Courts are under the U.S. federal judiciary; the two federal district court judges are appointed by the U.S. president. INTRODUCTION The prevailing winds are the northeast trades. In the family cruise arena, the big players in the Caribbean include Royal Caribbean, Norwegian, Carnival Cruise Line and Disney Cruise Line. 301,800), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlan…, United States Army Warrant Officers Association, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), United States Amish and Pennsylvania Dutch, United States Air Force Academy: Tabular Data, United States Air Force Academy: Narrative Description, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), United States Agency for International Development, United Self-Defense Forces/Group of Colombia (AUC Autodefensas Unidas De Colombia), United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), United Railways & Electric Co. OF Baltimore v. West 280 U.S. 234 (1930), United States Catholic Mission Association, United States Coast Guard Academy: Narrative Description, United States Coast Guard Academy: Tabular Data, United States Colonial Rule in the Philippines, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, United States District Court for the Eastern District OF Michigan, United States v. 407 U.S. 297 (1972), United States Foreign Policies Toward Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, United States Government Accountability Office, United States Government Publishing Office, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. The Crown Dependencies are not part of the United Kingdom, but are self-governing possessions of … The number of tourists rose dramatically throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, from 448,165 in 1964 to 2.6 million in 2005. The Virgin Islands had 22 radio stations (6 AM, 16 FM) and 5 broadcast television stations in 2004. Those aren't the same thing. Cargo-shipping services operate from the U.S. ports of Baltimore, Maryland, and Jacksonville and Miami, Florida. MIDWAY In 2019, it was estimated that more than 647 million people lived in Latin America and the Caribbean. It is the smallest and most easterly of the Greater Antilles, a group of four islands in the northwestern portion of the Caribbean Sea. The main state-supported university is the University of Puerto Rico, with its main campus at Rico Piedras. This story of oil in the Caribbean has implications for scholarly debates around the so-called Anthropocene. Puerto Rico elects a commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting member of the U.S. House of Representatives. San Juan, the capital, had an estimated. Rainfall, the main source of fresh water, varies widely, and severe droughts are frequent. San Juan is the busiest commercial air center in the Caribbean. The two largest Spanish-language daily newspapers, both from San Juan, are El Vocero de Puerto Rico (259,000 daily circulation in 2002), and El Nuevo Día (227,000). Encyclopedia.com. Since 1947, agriculture has been diversified to include dairy production. [citation needed] A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. St. Thomas is mountainous and little cultivated, but it has many snug harbors. The main island of Puerto Rico is roughly rectangular in shape. Dependency theory has always been as it incorporates some Marxist concepts in that it addresses the issues of inequality and how the developed nations would have contributed to that inequality. Geography Expert. The average yearly rainfall is 114 centimeters (45 inches), mostly during the summer months. Puerto Ricans are of Spanish descent (80%), black (8%), or mixed ancestry (10%). A thriving manufacturing industry has been established. Caribbean Dependency Thought Revisited. Baptists make up an estimated 42% of the population, Roman Catholics 34%, and Episcopalians 17%. The mildly tropical climate is moderated by the surrounding sea, and seasonal variations are slight. About 80% of the population is black. Political Geography Basics Physical Geography Population Country Information Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. Having no knowledge of agriculture or pottery, they relied on the products of the sea; their remains have been found mostly in caves. Denmark sold the islands to the United States in 1917 for $25 million. Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase "Caribbean countries" has a variety of meanings:[30] Such as these images show below, Caribbean countries in the strictest sense, Caribbean countries in the widest application of the phrase, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean, http://www.macmillan-caribbean.com/home/Home.aspx, "List of currencies of the world with ISO-4217", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ac.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bf.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/do.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html, "Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/av.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vi.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cj.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mh.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rq.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rn.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vq.html, http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sovereign_states_and_dependent_territories_in_the_West_Indies&oldid=999179861, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 21:48. Excavations at St. Croix in the 1970s uncovered evidence of a civilization perhaps as ancient as ad 100. Raw crude oil constitutes the Virgin Island’s principal import. The territorial Department of Health provides hospital and medical services, public health services, and veterinary medicine. However for others, Caribbean culture is seen as exciting and enticing. Economic development has brought an influx of new residents, mainly from Puerto Rico, other Caribbean islands, and the U.S. mainland. Haiti occupies three-eighths of Hispaniola Island (10,714 square miles). Charlotte Amalie has one of the finest harbors in the Caribbean. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. U.S. Virgin Islands. In Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean Euclid Rose focuses upon the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism. In 2006, there were 32 broadcast television stations. Puerto Rico is separated from the Virgin Islands to the east by Vieques Sound and the Virgin Passage. Jul 28, 2017. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Beginning in 1956, there has been a focus on the tourist industry. Archaeological finds indicate that at least three Amerindian cultures had settled on the island long before Columbus’s arrival. The district court has appellate jurisdiction over the territorial court. the consequences of the shift from agriculture to an almost total dependency on tourism. St. Croix is relatively flat, with a terrain suitable for sugarcane cultivation. About one-third of the island’s land is arable. Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. Endangered species on the island included the Puerto Rican plain pigeon, Puerto Rican parrot, Puerto Rican boa, giant anole, and hawksbill, leatherback, olive ridley, and green sea turtles. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. It''s called Caribbean Countries and Territories, and includes things that just border on the Caribbean Sea. Puerto Rico was briefly held by the English in 1598 and San Juan was besieged by the Dutch in 1625; otherwise, Spanish rule continued until the latter part of the 19th century. Services . Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Constitutionally, the U.S. Congress has plenary authority to legislate for the territory. Caribbean Dependencies. While many claim that fossil fuels helped cultivate a modern disregard for the natural world, I show how the negative ecologies of fossil fuels also instigated new scientific and political appreciations for the liveliness of the natural world. In 1952, there were only 82 labor-intensive plants on the island. In this category, too, Royal Caribbean’s Oasis Class ships often are touted as the vessels to beat. They are largely self-governing and possess their own constitutions and regional governments. PALMYRA ATOLL . The chief executive is the governor, elected by popular vote to a four-year term. New or expanding manufacturing and hotel enterprises are granted exemptions of varying lengths and degrees from income taxes and municipal levies. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. This paper looks at that dilemma for policy makers in Grenada. Between 1958 and 1962 most of the British-controlled Caribbean was integrated as the new West Indies Federation in an attempt to create a single unified future independent state. It is crossed from east to west by mountain ranges, the most prominent being the Cordillera Central, rising to nearly 1,338 meters (4,390 feet). Thousands of Puerto Ricans commute annually between Puerto Rico and the United States. There are three island territories within the British Isles that are known as Crown Dependencies; these are the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey which make up Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. More than 40 steamship companies provide overseas freight and passenger service; San Juan, Ponce, and Mayagüez are the principal ports.

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